At issue is whether or not the prophets of Israel, who wrote the Scriptures, can be trusted in the light of modern science and history. The answer is a resounding “Yes!”
The defining function of a prophet was to speak for God. In his prophesying, the prophet might make reference to past, present, or future events – but in all cases he would be doing so on behalf of God and not himself. That is, he would be speaking in God’s name and not his own.
God urged His people to discern between true and false prophets – not between true and false prophecies. Isaiah, for example, is not to be read a la carte. Rather, “we count those blessed who endured” and so we accept his message in total. Thus it is the writings of faithful prophets such as Isaiah, Moses, and Jeremiah that came to be collected and eventually called Scripture.
If we allow the word of men (whether modern or ancient) who do not claim to be speaking for God trump the word of men who we claim to believe are speaking for God, then let us drop the pretense of saying that we are trusting God and admit that we are trusting men instead.
And if modernity is the arbiter of truth, why are we professing allegiance to documents from antiquity?